Một Số Cấu Trúc Viết Lại Câu Trong Tiếng Anh

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    Phương pháp học dạng bài này

    Phương pháp: sưu tập và làm càng nhiều mẫu câu càng tốt, sau đó đọc đi đọc lại nhiều lần cho thuộc lòng.

    Một số dạng bài cơ bản

    1. It takes sb khoảng thời gian to do sth= sb spend khoảng thời gian doing sth

    VD: It took her 3 hours to get to the city centre.

    = She spent 3 hours getting to the city centre.

    2. Understand = tobe aware of

    VD: Do you understand the grammar structure?

    = Are you aware of the grammar structure?

    3. Like = tobe interested in = enjoy = keen on

    VD: She likes politics

    = She is interested in politics

    4. Because + clause = because of + N

    VD: He can’t move because his leg was broken

    = He can’t move because of his broken leg

    5. Although + clause = despite + N = in spite of + N

    VD: Although she is old, she can compute very fast

    = Despite/ In spite of her old age, she can compute very fast

    6. Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth

    VD: We succeeded in digging the Panama cannel

    = We managed to dig the Panama cannel

    7. Cấu trúc: chúng tôi + adj (for sb) to do sth: quá để làm gì

    VD: My father is too old to drive.

    = It is such a/ an N that: quá đến nỗi mà

    VD: She is so beautiful that everybody loves her.

    = It is such a beautiful girl that everybody loves her.

    Adj/ Adv + enough (for sb) to do sth: đủ để làm gì

    VD: This car is safe enough for him to drive

    VD: The policeman ran quickly enough to catch the robber

    8. Cấu trúc: pfer sb to do sth = would rather sb Vpast sth: thích, muốn ai làm gì

    VD: I’pfer you (not) to smoke here

    = I’d rather you (not) smoked here

    9. Prefer doing sth to doing sth: thích làm gì hơn làm gì Would rather do sth than do sth

    VD: She pfers staying at home to going out

    = She’d rather stay at home than go out

    10. Can = tobe able to = tobe possible 11. Harly + had +S + Vpp when S + Vpast: ngay sau khi… thì… No sooner + had +S + Vpp than S + Vpast

    VD: As soon as I left the house, he appeared

    = Harly had I left the house when he appeared

    = No sooner had I left the house than he appeared

    12. chúng tôi more: không còn nữa No longer + dạng đảo ngữ S no more V

    VD: I don’t live in the courtryside anymore

    = No longer do I live in the coutryside

    = I no more live in the coutryside

    13. At no time + dạng đảo ngữ: không khi nào, chẳng khi nào

    VD: I don’t think she loves me

    = At no time do I think she loves me

    14. Tobe not worth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng làm gì 15. Tobe not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng, vô ích làm gì

    VD: It’s not worth making him get up early

    = There is no point in making him getting early

    16. It seems that = it appears that = it is likely that =it look as if/ as though: dường như rằng VD: It seems that he will come late

    = It appears that/ it is likely he will come late

    = He is likely to come late.

    = It look as if he will come late

    17. Although + clause = Despite + Nound/ gerund

    18. S + V + N = S + be + adj

    19. S + be + adj = S + V + O

    20. S + be accustomed to + Ving = S + be used to +Ving/ N

    21. S + often + V = S + be used to +Ving/ N

    VD: Nana often cried when she meets with difficulties.

    = Nana is used to crying when she meets with difficulties

    22. This is the first time + S + have + PII = S+be + not used to + Ving/ N

    VD: This is the first time I have seen so many people crying at the end of the movie.

    = I was not used to seeing so many people crying at the end of the movie.

    23. S + would pfer = S + would rather S + Past subjunctive (lối cầu khẩn)

    24. S + like sth/ doing sth better than sth/ doing sth = S + would rather + V + than + V = S + pfer sth/ doing sth to sth/ doing sth…

    VD: I pfer going shoping to playing volleyball.

    = I would rather go shoping than play volleyball.

    26. S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to + V

    27. It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth

    28. S + be + PII + to + V = S + be + supposed to do sth

    29. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + be + PII

    30. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + do sth

    31. S + like sth = S + be + fond of + sth

    VD: I like do collecting stamps.

    = I’m fond of collecting stamps.

    32. I + let + O + do sth = S + allow + S. O + to do Sth

    VD: My boss let him be on leave for wedding.

    = My boss allow him to be on leave for wedding.

    33. S + once + past verb = S + would to + do sth.

    34. S + psent verb (negative) any more = S + would to + do sth.

    35. S + V + because + S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

    VD: She studies hard because she wants to pass the final examination.

    = She studies hard to pass the final examination.

    36. S + V + so that/ in order that+ S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

    38. To infinitive or gerund + be + adj = It + be + adj + to + V

    39. S + V + and + S + V = S + V + both… and

    40. S + V + not only… + but also = S + V + both… and

    41. S + V + both… and… = S + V + not only… but also…

    VD: He translated fast and correctly.

    = He translated not only fast but also correctly.

    44. S1+simple psent+and+S2+simple futher =If+S1 + simple psent + S2 + simple futher.

    45. S1+didn’t + V1 + Because + S2 + didn’t + V2 = If Clause

    46. Various facts given = Mệnh đề if thể hiện điều trái ngược thực tế.

    47. S1 + V1 + if + S2 + V2(phủ định)= S1 + V1 + Unless + S2 + V2 (khẳng định)

    48. S + V + O = S + be + noun + when + adj clause.

    49. S + V + O = S + be + noun + where + adj clause.

    50. S + V + O = S + be + noun + whom + adj clause.

    51. S + V + O = S + be + noun + which + adj clause.

    52. S + V + O = S + be + noun + that + adj clause.

    56. S + V + if + S + V (phu dinh) = S + V + unless + S + V (khẳng dinh)

    57. S + be + scared of sth = S + be + afraid of + sth

    58. Let’s + V = S + suggest + that + S + psent subjunctive

    59. In my opinion = S + suggest + that + S + psent subjunctive (quan điểm của tôi)

    61. Why don’t you do sth? = S + suggest + that + S + psent subjunctive

    62. S + get + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

    VD: She gets him to spend more time with her.

    = She have him spend more time with her.

    63. S + aks + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

    VD: Police asked him to identify the other man in the next room.

    = Police have him identify the other man in the next room.

    64. S + request + sb + to do sth= S + have + sb + do sth

    VD: The teacher request students to learn by heart this poem.

    = The teacher have students learn by heart this poem.

    65. S + want + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

    VD: I want her to lend me

    = I have her lend me.

    66. S + V + no + N = S + be + N-less

    VD: She always speaks no care.

    = She is always careless about her words.

    67. S + be + adj + that + S + V = S + be + adj + to + V

    VD: Study is necessary that you will get a good life in the future.

    = Study is necessary to get a good life in the future.

    VD: My students are very good at Mathematics.

    = My students study Mathematics well.

    69. S + remember + to do Sth = S + don’t forget + to do Sth

    VD: I remember to have a Maths test tomorrow = I don’t forget to have a Maths test tomorrow.

    70. It + be + adj = What + a + adj + N!

    VD: It was an interesting film.

    = What an interesting film!

    VD: She washes clothes quickly.

    = How quick she is to wash clothes.

    72. S + be + ing-adj = S + be +ed-adj

    73. S + V = S + be + ed-adj

    74. S + V + Khoảng thời gian = It + take + (sb) + Khoảng thời gian + to + V

    VD: She have learned English for 5 years.

    = It takes her 5 year to learn English.

    75. S + be + too + adj + (for s. o) + to + V = S + be + so + adj + that + S + can’t + V

    VD: The water is too hot for Peter to drink.

    = The water is so hot that Peter can’t drink

    77. S + be + so + adj + that + S + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V

    78. S + be + too + adj + to + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V

    VD: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

    = He does not speak softly.

    80. Because + clause = Because of + noun/ gerund

    VD: Because she is absent from school.

    = Because of her absence from school.

    st

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