Các Trường Hợp Viết Lại Câu
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Các trường hợp về đảo ngữ…
Chú ý khi viết lại câu
Chú ý về thì: câu được viết lại phải cùng thì với câu đã
Chú ý về ngữ pháp: câu được viết lại phải đúng về ngữ pháp.
Chú ý về nghĩa của câu sau khi viết phải không đổi so với câu ban đầu.
Phương pháp học dạng bài này
Phương pháp: sưu tập và làm càng nhiều mẫu câu càng tốt, sau đó đọc đi đọc lại nhiều lần cho thuộc lòng.
Một số dạng bài cơ bản 1.It takes sb khoảng thời gian to do sth = sb spend khoảng thời gian doing sth
VD: It took her 3 hours to get to the city centre.
= She spent 3 hours getting to the city centre.
2.Understand = tobe aware of
VD: Do you understand the grammar structure?
= Are you aware of the grammar structure?
3.Like = tobe interested in = enjoy = keen on
VD: She likes politics
= She is interested in politics
VD: He can’t move because his leg was broken.
= He can’t move because of his broken leg.
Although + clause = despite + N = in spite of + N
VD: Although she is old, she can compute very fast
= Despite / In spite of her old age, she can compute very fast
Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth
VD: We succeeded in digging the Panama cannel
= We managed to dig the Panama cannel
Cấu trúc: …. too + adj (for sb) to do sth: quá để làm gì VD: She is so beautiful that everybody loves
= It is such a beautiful girl that everybody loves her.
Adj/ Adv + enough (for sb) to do sth: đủ để làm gì VD: This car is safe enough for him to drive.
The policeman ran quickly enough to catch the robber.
Cấu trúc: prefer sb to do sth = would rather sb Vpast sth: thích, muốn ai làm gì VD: I’prefer you (not) to smoke here
= I’d rather you (not) smoked here
Prefer doing sth to doing sth: thích làm gì hơn làm gì
Would rather do sth than do sth
VD: She prefers staying at home to going out
= She’d rather stay at home than go out
Can = tobe able to = tobe possible
Harly + had +S + Vpp when S + Vpast: ngay sau khi… thì…
No sooner + had +S + Vpp than S + Vpast
VD: As soon as I left the house, he appeared
= Harly had I left the house when he appeared
= No sooner had I left the house than he appeared
Not………..any more : không còn nữa No longer + dạng đảo ngữ S no more V
VD: I don’t live in the countryside anymore
= No longer do I live in the countryside
= I no more live in the countryside
At no time + dạng đảo ngữ: không khi nào, chẳng khi nào VD: I don’t think she loves me
= At no time do I think she loves me
Tobe not worth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng làm gì
Tobe not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng, vô ích làm gì VD: It’s not worth making him get up early
There is no point in making him getting early
It seems that = it appears that = it is likely that =it look as if/ as though: dường như rằng VD: It seems that he will come late
= It appears that / it is likely he will come late
= He is likely to come late.
= It look as if he will come late
Although + clause = Despite + Nound/gerund
S + V + N = S + be + adj
S + be + adj = S + V + O
S + be accustomed to + Ving = S + be used to +Ving /N
S + often + V = S + be used to +Ving /N
VD: Nana often cried when she meets with difficulties.
= Nana is used to crying when she meets with difficulties
This is the first time + S + have + PII = S+be + not used to + Ving/N
VD: This is the first time I have seen so many people crying at the end of the movie.
= I was not used to seeing so many people crying at the end of the movie.
S + would prefer = S + would rather S + Past subjunctive (lối cầu khẩn)
S + like sth/doing sth better than sth/doing sth = S + would rather + V + than + V = S + prefer sth/doing sth to sth/doing ..
VD: I prefer going shoping to playing volleyball.
= I would rather go shoping than play volleyball.
S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to + V
It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth
S + be + PII + to + V = S + be + supposed to do sth
Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + be + PII
Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + do sth
S + like sth = S + be + fond of + sth
VD: I like do collecting stamps.
= I’m fond of collecting stamps.
I + let + O + do sth = S + allow + S.O + to do Sth
VD: My boss let him be on leave for wedding.
= My boss allow him to be on leave for wedding.
S + once + past verb = S + would to + do
S + present verb (negative) any more = S + would to + do
S + V + because + S + V = S + V + to + infinitive
VD: She studies hard because she wants to pass the final examination.
= She studies hard to pass the final examination.
S + V + so that/ in order that+ S + V = S + V + to + infinitive
To infinitive or gerund + be + adj = It + be + adj + to + V
S + V + and + S + V = S + V + both … and
S + V + not only … + but also = S + V + both … and
S + V + both … and … = S + V + not only … but ..
VD: He translated fast and correctly.
= He translated not only fast but also correctly.
S1+simple present+and+S2+simple futher =If+S1 + simple present + S2 + simple
S1+didn’t + V1 + Because + S2 + didn’t + V2 = If Clause
Various facts given = Mệnh đề if thể hiện điều trái ngược thực tế.
S1 + V1 + if + S2 + V2(phủ định)= S1 + V1 + Unless + S2 + V2 (khẳng định)
S + V + O = S + be + noun + when + adj
S + V + O = S + be + noun + where + adj
S + V + O = S + be + noun + whom + adj
S + V + O = S + be + noun + which + adj
S + V + O = S + be + noun + that + adj
S + V + if + S + V (phu dinh) = S + V + unless + S + V (khẳng dinh)
S + be + scared of sth = S + be + afraid of + sth
Let’s + V = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive
In my opinion = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive (quan điểm của tôi)
Why don’t you do sth? = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive
S + get + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth
VD: She gets him to spend more time with her.
= She have him spend more time with her.
S + aks + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth
VD: Police asked him to identify the other man in the next room.
= Police have him identify the other man in the next room.
S + request + sb + to do sth= S + have + sb + do sth
VD: The teacher request students to learn by heart this poem.
= The teacher have students learn by heart this poem.
S + want + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth
VD: I want her to lend me
= I have her lend me.
VD: She always speaks no care.
= She is always careless about her words.
S + be + adj + that + S + V = S + be + adj + to + V
VD: Study is necessary that you will get a good life in the future.
= Study is necessary to get a good life in the future.
VD: My students are very good at Mathematics.
= My students study Mathematics well.
S + remember + to do Sth = S + don’t forget + to do Sth
VD: I remember to have a Maths test tomorrow = I don’t forget to have a Maths test tomorrow.
VD: It was an interesting film.
= What an interesting film!
VD: She washes clothes quickly.
= How quick she is to wash clothes.
VD: She have learned English for 5 years.
= It takes her 5 year to learn English.
S + be + too + adj + (for s.o) + to + V = S + be + so + adj + that + S + can’t + V
VD: The water is too hot for Peter to drink.
= The water is so hot that Peter can’t drink
S + be + so + adj + that + S + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V
S + be + too + adj + to + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V
VD: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.
= He does not speak softly.
80.Because + clause = Because of + noun/gerund
VD: Because she is absent from school.
= Because of her absence from school.