Đề Xuất 5/2022 # Exercise On Reported Speech With Gerund # Top Like

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--- Bài mới hơn ---

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  • Teacher: Tran Thi Huong

    Le Quy Don High School

    Optional lesson plans

    School year: 2022-2021

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    1. Động từ tường thuật + V-ing…….

    * Động từ tường thuật:deny, admit, suggest, regret………..

    Ex: He said to me; “Let’s go home”

    → He suggested going home

    2.Động từ tường thuật + giới từ + Ving…

    * Động từ tường thuật: : dream of, object to, insist on, complain about, think of, look forward to………

    Ex: “I’ll help you with your physics exercise,” Peter said to Susan.

    → Peter insisted on helping Susan with her physics exercise.

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    3/ Động từ tường thuật + giới từ + tân ngữ + Ving…

    * Động từ tường thuật:

    thank sb for accuse sb of congratulate sb on,

    apologize sb for, warn sb against, pvent sb from,

    stop sb from…

    Ex1: “It was nice of you to help me. Thank you very much,”

    Tom said to you.

    → Tom thanked me for helping him.

    Ex2: “I’m sorry I’m late,” Peter said.

    → Peter apologised for being late.

    Danh động từ tường thuật thường đi theo động từ tường thuật “suggest” trong các mẫu câu đề nghị sau:

    * Why don’t you/ Why not / How about → suggest + sb + V-ing

    * Let’s / Let’s not → suggest + V-ing

    → suggest + not+ V-ing

    * Shall we/ It’s a good idea → suggest + V-ing.

    4. Một số cấu trúc GERUND

    Cảm ơn, xin lỗi:

    S + thanked + s.o + for + v-ing

    S + apologized for + (not) + v-ing

    S + apologized + to + s.o + for + (not) + v-ing

    Ex: “It was nice of you to help me. Thank you very much,” Tom said to you.

    → Tom thanked me for helping him.

    Ex: “I’m sorry I’m late,” Peter said.

    → Peter apologised for being late.

    b. Chúc mừng: S + congratulated + s.o + on + v-ing

    Ex1: John said, “I heard you received the scholarship. Congratulations!”

    → John congratulated me on receiving the scholarship.

    Ex2: “I hear you passed your exams. Congratulations!” John said to us.

    → Tom congratulated us on passing our exams

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    c. Cương quyết, khăng khăng: S + insisted + on + v-ing…

    Ex: “I’ll help you with your physics exercise,” Peter said to Susan.

    → Peter insisted on helping Susan with her physics exercise.

    “I’ll drive you to the station. I insist,” Peter said to Linda

    → Peter insisted on driving Linda to the station

    d. Cảnh báo, ngăn cản: Lời cảnh báo như : be careful, be dangerous

    a. S + warned + s.o + to verb…

    b. S + warned + s.o + against + v-ing …

    Ex1: “Be careful of strangers and don’t go out at night”; he said

    → He warned us to be careful strangers and not to out at night

    Ex2: “Don’t stay at the near the airport,” I said to Ann

    → I warned Ann against staying at the hotel near the airport

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    Ngăn cản: S + pvented, stopped + s.o + from + v-ing…

    Ex1: “Stay here! I can’t let you go out tonight,” her mother said to Jane

    → Her mother pvented Jane from going out that night

    Ex2: “Sit here. I can’t let you stand all the time,” Mary said to me.

    → Mary pvented me from standing all the time.

    e. Chấp nhận hoặc phủ nhận:

    Ex1: “We stole his money,” they said.

    → They admitted stealing his money.

    Ex2: “I didn’t steal his money,” she said.

    → She denied stealing his money.

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    e. Chấp nhận hoặc phủ nhận:

    Ex1: “We stole his money,” they said.

    → They admitted stealing his money.

    Ex2: “I didn’t steal his money,” she said.

    → She denied stealing his money.

    f. Đề nghị, gợi ý: S + suggest + (not) + V-ing …

    S1 + suggest (ed) + That + S2 + should + bare infinitive

    Ex: He said to me; “Let’s go home”

    → He suggested going home

    → He suggested that we should go home

    Ex: “Let’s go out for a drink,” Susan said.

    → Susan suggested going out for a drink.

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    g. Tố cáo, buộc tội:

    Ex: “You took some of my money,” he said.

    → He accused me of taking some of his money.

    h. Mơ ước: S + dreamed + of + v-ing…

    Ex: “I want to pass the exam with flying colours,” John said.

    → John dreamed of passing the exam with flying colours.

    “I’ve always wante to be rich, ” Bob said

    → Bob had always dreamed of being rich

    i. Sự suy nghĩ về cái gì: S + think (thought) + of +v-ing…

    Ex: John’s wife: The house is very nice! We’ll certainly buy it

    John : I think so

    → John and his wife were thinking of buying the house.

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    Exercise 1: Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech with Gerund

    1.”Why don’t we organize an English competition for our students?”

    said Ms Lien.

    Ms Lien suggested ……………………………………………………….

    2.”I’m sorry I’m late,’ said Mr Thanh.

    Mr Thanh apologized ………………………………………………………….

    3.”Me? No, I didn’t take Sue’s calculator,” Said Bob.

    Bob denied …………………………………………………………………….

    4.”You took my pencil,” said David to Henry.

    David accused ……………………………………………………………….

    5.”I must see the manager,” he cried.

    He insisted …………………………………………………………………….

    6.”If you wanted to take my bike, you should have asked me first,” said Mike to his brother.

    Mike criticized ………………………………………………………………

    7.” You won the scholarship. Congratulation!” Mary told me.

    Mary congratulated ……………………………………….

    organizing an English competition for their students.

    for being late.

    taking Sue’s calculator.

    Henry of taking his pencil

    on seeing the manager.

    his brother for taking his bike without asking him first.

    me on winning the scholarship

    8.”It was kind of you to help me with my homework,” Lan said to Hoa.

    Lan thanked …………………………………………………….

    9. “Turn off the computer. You are not allowed to play game now,” Dick’s mother said to him.

    Dick’s mother pvented ……………………………………….

    10.”I’m sorry that I broke the glass,” said Peter.

    Peter apologized …………………………………………….

    11. “Let’s invite Mr. Brown to the party next weekend,” he said.

    He suggested ……………………………………………………………………….. 12.”You stole the jewels,” the inspector said to him.

    The inspector accused ……………………………………………………….

    13.”I only borrowed your car for some hours,” the man said.

    The man admitted……………………………………………………………………..

    14.”I’m sorry I damaged your tape recorder, Mike,” said Bob.

    Bob apologized ………………………………………………………

    15. “It’s nice of you to invite me to lunch,” Bob said to John.

    Bob thanked …………………………………………………………………..

    REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND

    Hoa for helping her with her homework

    him from playing game then

    for breaking the glass

    inviting Mr. Brown to the party the next weekend

    him of stealing the jewels.

    borrowing my car for some hours.

    for damaging Mike’s tape recorder.

    John for inviting him to lunch.

    --- Bài cũ hơn ---

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